Indiana Jones, dinosaurs and rally driving – 18 Magnificent Mongolian Facts

  1. Located in east-central Asia, Mongolia is sandwiched between Russia to the North and China to the south, east and west; it is the second largestinteresting facts about Mongolia landlocked country in the world – out of a total of 41.
  2. It has a total area of 604,250 square miles (1,565,000 square kilometres) – twice the size of Eastern Europe.
  3. In 2013 the population was said to be 2.839 million; apparently 30% are under fourteen years of age.
  4. That works out to be a mere 4 people per square mile – making Mongolia the least densely populated country on Earth.
  5. Mongolia stands approximately 5,800 feet above sea level.
  6. The largest city in Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar (also known as Ulan Bator), is the capital and home to approximately 45% of the population; it’s also the coldest capital in the world.
  7. Bogd Khan National Park is the oldest National Park in the world; it lies just South of Ulaanbaatar and dates back to 1778!
  8. Once a sea and now consequently filled with marine fossils, the Gobi Desert in Mongolia is the largest desert in Asia and the fifth largest in the world.
  9. What’s more, the first discovery of dinosaur eggs were made in the Gobi by a man called Roy Chapman Andrews; it’s said that his adventures inspired the creation of Indiana Jones!
  10. Mongolia boasts an array of natural resources including oil, molybdenum, gold, silver, copper, iron, tin, nickel, zine, tungsten, phosphates, wolfram and fluorspar.
  11. Barley, wheat, vegetables, forage crops, horses, sheep, goats, cattle and camels contribute to Mongolia’s agricultural industry.
  12. Surprisingly, the air is so polluted that official figures show that one in ten deaths are caused by pollution; it’s actually believed that breathing the Mongolian air for just a day is the equivalent of smoking four packs of cigarettes!
  13. Mongol Khuumii or ‘throat singing’ is a popular tradition in Mongolia; you can find covers of modern hits sung using throat singing on YouTube.
  14. The Mongol Rally sees participants drive 10 thousand miles over mountains and deserts across Europe (starting in London) and Asia to be rewarded with a chilled beer at a pub in Ulaanbaatar at the end of the rally.
  15. Mongolians like the occasional tipple, especially their local alcoholic drink known as airag, which is fermented mare’s milk. Mmm, delicious.
  16. The Great Wall of China runs through Mongolia.
  17. The three most popular sports here are horse racing, archery, and Mongolian wrestling – sounds ideal!
  18. The international dialling code for Mongolia is 00976.  If you want to make cheap calls to Mongolia, simply click here to find out how.

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