- The word Guyana translates as ‘the land of many waters’.
- This country is on the North coast of South America.
- It’s one of the smallest countries in South America and the third poorest country in Latin America and the Caribbean.
- In 2013 it had a population of 799,600, comprising of five main ethnic groups; East Indian, African, Amerindian, Chinese and Portuguese.
- Slavery was outlawed in 1834, and the great need for plantation workers led to a large wave of immigration, primarily of East Indians. Today, about half of the population is of East Indian descent and about 36% are of African descent.
- It’s an English-speaking former British colony, though other languages spoken here include Hindu, Amerindian dialects, Urdu and Creole.
- Guyana is the only English-speaking country in South America.
- The average life expectancy in Guyana is 70.5 years, ranking 125th in the world. This is 14.1 years less than Japan and an incredible 32.5 years more than Sierra Leone!
- Guyana is the fourth smallest country on the South American mainland.
- Back in the day, it was a popular place to colonise; Dutch, English, and French colonies were established up until the 17th Century, when the majority of the settlements were Dutch.
- Before this, it was inhabited by tribes such as the Arawak, Warrau and Carib.
- Guyana has a healthy industry consisting of bauxite (aluminium ore), timber, textiles, sugar and rice milling.
- Agriculturally, Guyana produces rice, wheat, vegetable oils and beef (and of course sugar)
- The sugar, gold, bauxite, rice and also shrimp form part of its export market.
- The national motto of Guyana is ‘One People, One Nation, One Destiny.’ Lovely!
- Guyana is known as the ‘land of waters’ because it has a
large network of rivers running through it.
- The longest River in Guyana is called the Essequibo.
- An impressive 80% of Guyana is made up of tropical rain forest, sounds amazing!
- It has a topical climate and little seasonal variation, with temperatures between 24˚C and 31˚C. Sounds perfect, let’s go!
- Guyana’s Kaieteur Falls, which at 741ft is the largest single-drop water fall in the world! To put that into perspective, Kaieteur is roughly 5 times taller than the famous Niagara Falls, which has a 167ft drop. Crikey!
- The giant otter and the harpy eagle are the two rarest species found in Guyana.
- Guyana is amazing because it has so many different types of habitats! These include marine, coastal, littoral, swamp, estuarine, palustrine, riverine, mangrove, lacustrine, savanna, brown sand forest, montane, cloud forest, white sand forest, moist lowland and dry evergreen scrub forests! We don’t know about you but that’s a good enough excuse for us to plan a visit!
- Cricket fans will be pleased to know that the sport is pretty important in Guyana and it’s part of the West Indies Cricket team.
- Other popular sports here include soft ball cricket (beach cricket) and soccer.
- Guyana hosted international cricket matches as part of the 2007 Cricket World Cup.
From history to animals, to rainforests to sport – there’s something here for everyone! Let’s go!
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