23 Marvellous Facts About Martinique

Looking to boost your knowledge of this sunny country? Take a look at these 23 facts about Martinique!

Geographical stats…

  1. Martinique is a small, rugged island and an overseas region of France located in the Caribbean.
  2. Its nearest neighbours are Dominica and Guadeloupe to the north, Barbados to the southeast and Saint Lucia and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines to the south.
  3. To witness this beautiful island for yourself, head for the coordinates of 14.6667° N, 61.0000° W.
  4. The terrain here is mostly mountainous and volcanic in origin, with the coastline featuring many beautiful sandy beaches.
  5. The total land area of Martinique is 436 square miles (1,128 square kilometres)…
  6. …that’s around 2/3 the size of the Isle of Skye.
  7. Martinique’s population was 386,486 in 2013…
  8. …that’s around 42 times the population of the Isle of Skye!
  9. Residents here are known as Martiniquais.
  10. The capital is Fort-de-France; it covers an area of 17 square miles (44 square kilometres) and had a population of 90,347 in 2006.
  11. Martiniquais enjoy a tropical climate with a dry season from December until May and little temperature variation throughout the year.
  12. Martinique boasts a wide range of wildlife, including manatees, bats, snakes, the Volcano Frog (which happens to be endemic to Martinique), around 200 species of bird and around 225 species of reef fish!

Social intricacies

  1. The official language of Martinique is French.
  2. Martinique was first discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1493!
  3. Apart from being captured by the British for three short periods, Martinique has otherwise been under French rule since 1635!
  4. Euro is the official currency here.
  5. Despite being a tiny island in the Caribbean, a total of 4 queens who have ruled France, Holland and Turkey, have all been born in Martinique!
  6. The average life span here is 79 years.
  7. Martiniquais enjoy a yearly 4 day carnival which ends on the first day of Lent. As you might expect, the carnival includes live music and beautiful, brightly coloured costumes.

Industry insights…

  1. Martinique grows sugarcane, avocados, vegetables, bananas and pineapples; they also produce rum.
  2. Its industry consists mostly of tourism and oil refining.
  3. The main exports include petroleum, bananas, rum and pineapples.

Bonus Fact!

  1. Do you know someone lucky enough to live in Martinique? You can make cheap calls to Martinique with Cherry Call – don’t forget, you’ll also need to use the international dialling code of 00596.

To keep up-to-date with what’s going on in Martinique, head over to the Martinique 1ere website. Be warned, it’s in French!

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