12 Insightful Facts about Syria

    1. Situated in Western Asia and lying at the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea, Syria is bordered by Lebanon and Israel on the west, Turkey on the north, Iraq on the east, and Jordan on the south.
    2. Syria has a total area of 71,998 square miles (186,475 square kilometres).
    3. In 2014 it was estimated that Syria had a population of 18 million.
    4. Syria’s capital city is Damascus; it is 40.5 square miles (105 kilometres square) and in 2012 it had an estimated population of 1.7 million.
    5. Damascus is the oldest continually inhabited city in the world! Archaeological digs have uncovered evidence that proves human habitation dates back to 9,000 BC

  1. Aleppo, in the North East, is the largest city in Syria and had a population of 2.1 million in 2012.
  2. The currency here is called the Syrian Pound.
  3. Around 1500 BC, Ancient Syria was conquered by Egypt. Other nations that lay claim to Syria throughout the years include the Hebrews, Assyrians, Chaldeans, Persians, Alexander the Great of Macedonia, the Romans, the French and then lastly, the Arabs.
  4. The highest point in Syria is Mount Hermon which 2,814 metres high.
  5. Approximately 25% of Syria’s land is arable.
  6. Syria exports a wide range of products including petroleum products, crude oil, minerals, cotton fibre, clothing, textiles, wheat, fruits and vegetables, live animals and meat.
  7. The country dialling code for Syria is 00963.  To find out how to make cheap calls to Syria, simply click here.

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